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  • Repost @knowyourcaribbean
———
The Windrush Generation of the 1950s is often discussed as the origins of Black migration out of the Caribbean basin. This is false. Between the 1850s and the 1920s tens of thousands of people from the Caribbean set sail for Panama. Initially employed working on the Panama Railway and then the abortive attempt by the French to construct a canal through the isthmus, the majority of these laborers came as contract workers during the US construction of the canal (1904-1913). Of 45,107 contract laborers, nearly 70% (31,071, of which ~14% perished) came from the the Caribbean, mostly English speaking but also the French and Dutch Caribbean as well. The rest of the contract labor force came from Europe (~26%) and Central America (~4%)...
The Canal Zone, as it was officially called, was not controlled by Panama, but by the United States (which it controlled until 1999, relinquishing it after decades of protests). The American government imported a strict racial hierarchy in the Canal Zone, modeled directly upon Jim Crow legislation in the US south. Strict racial and national segregation was imposed, so much so that the vestiges of this have had social ramifications for Afro-Panamanians to this day. Of the Caribbean contract labor, men provided most of the labor during the construction process, both men and women served in ancillary industries provisioning workers, and as has historically been the case, women provided much of the unpaid, domestic labor, particularly if they were partnered...
_________________________________
#noirmodel read more at @knowyourcaribbean #black #afrolatina #eastindies #black #slavery #historybuff révolution
  • Repost @knowyourcaribbean
    ———
    The Windrush Generation of the 1950s is often discussed as the origins of Black migration out of the Caribbean basin. This is false. Between the 1850s and the 1920s tens of thousands of people from the Caribbean set sail for Panama. Initially employed working on the Panama Railway and then the abortive attempt by the French to construct a canal through the isthmus, the majority of these laborers came as contract workers during the US construction of the canal (1904-1913). Of 45,107 contract laborers, nearly 70% (31,071, of which ~14% perished) came from the the Caribbean, mostly English speaking but also the French and Dutch Caribbean as well. The rest of the contract labor force came from Europe (~26%) and Central America (~4%)...
    The Canal Zone, as it was officially called, was not controlled by Panama, but by the United States (which it controlled until 1999, relinquishing it after decades of protests). The American government imported a strict racial hierarchy in the Canal Zone, modeled directly upon Jim Crow legislation in the US south. Strict racial and national segregation was imposed, so much so that the vestiges of this have had social ramifications for Afro-Panamanians to this day. Of the Caribbean contract labor, men provided most of the labor during the construction process, both men and women served in ancillary industries provisioning workers, and as has historically been the case, women provided much of the unpaid, domestic labor, particularly if they were partnered...
    _________________________________
    #noirmodel read more at @knowyourcaribbean #black #afrolatina #eastindies #black #slavery #historybuff révolution

  •  11  0  11 November, 2019
  • Pieter Arend Leupe (1808-1881), in his research of Dutch archives which was published in the Berigten van het Historisch Genootschap te Utrecht (1859), found that the whole story how the Dutch corrupted the Portuguese Governor of Malacca to take over the fortress was a "fabricated lie." "It is because it is a well-known fact that the Portuguese defended themselves to the very last; that they, under the circumstances, concluded a favorable treaty, which they observed sacredly; that the Portuguese Governor died a natural death. Our simple and upright (Dutch) ancestors were not capable of such tricks of which they are accused by the English", wrote Leupe.

P.A. Leupe, Inventaris der verzameling kaarten berustende in het Rijksarchief. Eerste gedeelte ('s-Gravenhage 1867). #duchmalacca #voc #eastindies #malaccafortress  #pieterarendleupe
#fallofportuguesemalacca #cardon
  • Pieter Arend Leupe (1808-1881), in his research of Dutch archives which was published in the Berigten van het Historisch Genootschap te Utrecht (1859), found that the whole story how the Dutch corrupted the Portuguese Governor of Malacca to take over the fortress was a "fabricated lie." "It is because it is a well-known fact that the Portuguese defended themselves to the very last; that they, under the circumstances, concluded a favorable treaty, which they observed sacredly; that the Portuguese Governor died a natural death. Our simple and upright (Dutch) ancestors were not capable of such tricks of which they are accused by the English", wrote Leupe.

    P.A. Leupe, Inventaris der verzameling kaarten berustende in het Rijksarchief. Eerste gedeelte ('s-Gravenhage 1867). #duchmalacca #voc #eastindies #malaccafortress #pieterarendleupe
    #fallofportuguesemalacca #cardon

  •  7  0  9 November, 2019
  • C. Louis Leipoldt's grave, Clanwilliam •  Last resting place of Christian Frederik Louis Leipoldt, better known as C. Louis Leipoldt (1880-1947).
• He was a South African poet, dramatist, medical doctor, reporter and food expert.
• With Jan F.E. Celliers and J.D. du Toit (Totius), he was one of the leading figures of the Second Afrikaans Movement (approx. 1902 to 1925).
• He was quite versatile as an author: he wrote poetry, novels, plays, short stories, children’s books, cookbooks and also a travel diary.
• Born in Worcester, Cape Colony. His father was a Dutch Reform preacher in Clanwilliam. His grandfather was Johann Gottlieb Leipoldt who founded the Rhenish mission station at Wupperthal.
• Mostly educated at home.
• During the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) he was a reporter.
• After the war, he read medicine at Guy’s Hospital in London. The botanist, Harry Bolus, paid for his studies.
• While in Britain he also travelled to Europe, North America and the East Indies. • Though at times his health was poor, he became the personal physician of the American newspaper magnate, Joseph Pulitzer when the latter travelled on his yacht.
• Before 1923 he served as a school doctor in London and as a Medical Inspector for Schools in the Transvaal and Cape Province. • From 1923-1925 he returned to journalism for a short while before settling down as a paediatrician in Cape Town.
• He never married but had an adopted son, Jeffery Barnet Leipoldt.
• When Leipoldt died in Cape Town, his final wish was to be buried in the Hantam district.
• It is here where his ashes were laid to rest in the Pakhuis pass near Clanwilliam. • Above his grave, several faint drawings of rock art, as made by San communities many years ago, can still be seen today.
• When his adopted son died in 1997, his ashes were scattered on his adopted father’s grave.

#RoadTripRSA #Road #Trip #RSA #Clanwilliam #WesternCape #WC #Hantam #CLouisLeipoldt #Leipoldt #UK #Britian #Pulitzer #Totius #Afrikaans #Language #history #heritage #tourism #SAtourism #CapeTown #GuysHospital #Europe #USA #EastIndies #yacht #Rhenish #Wupperthal #Germany #DutchReformChurch
  • C. Louis Leipoldt's grave, Clanwilliam • Last resting place of Christian Frederik Louis Leipoldt, better known as C. Louis Leipoldt (1880-1947).
    • He was a South African poet, dramatist, medical doctor, reporter and food expert.
    • With Jan F.E. Celliers and J.D. du Toit (Totius), he was one of the leading figures of the Second Afrikaans Movement (approx. 1902 to 1925).
    • He was quite versatile as an author: he wrote poetry, novels, plays, short stories, children’s books, cookbooks and also a travel diary.
    • Born in Worcester, Cape Colony. His father was a Dutch Reform preacher in Clanwilliam. His grandfather was Johann Gottlieb Leipoldt who founded the Rhenish mission station at Wupperthal.
    • Mostly educated at home.
    • During the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) he was a reporter.
    • After the war, he read medicine at Guy’s Hospital in London. The botanist, Harry Bolus, paid for his studies.
    • While in Britain he also travelled to Europe, North America and the East Indies. • Though at times his health was poor, he became the personal physician of the American newspaper magnate, Joseph Pulitzer when the latter travelled on his yacht.
    • Before 1923 he served as a school doctor in London and as a Medical Inspector for Schools in the Transvaal and Cape Province. • From 1923-1925 he returned to journalism for a short while before settling down as a paediatrician in Cape Town.
    • He never married but had an adopted son, Jeffery Barnet Leipoldt.
    • When Leipoldt died in Cape Town, his final wish was to be buried in the Hantam district.
    • It is here where his ashes were laid to rest in the Pakhuis pass near Clanwilliam. • Above his grave, several faint drawings of rock art, as made by San communities many years ago, can still be seen today.
    • When his adopted son died in 1997, his ashes were scattered on his adopted father’s grave.

    #RoadTripRSA #Road #Trip #RSA #Clanwilliam #WesternCape #WC #Hantam #CLouisLeipoldt #Leipoldt #UK #Britian #Pulitzer #Totius #Afrikaans #Language #history #heritage #tourism #SAtourism #CapeTown #GuysHospital #Europe #USA #EastIndies #yacht #Rhenish #Wupperthal #Germany #DutchReformChurch

  •  14  0  2 November, 2019
  • Seperti apakah pelatihan knil
Inlanders dan juga walanda??
Jika dalam tahun 1920-1930s dimana sebelum ww2  meletus
Knil sengaja dibentuk oleh pemerintahan pusat belanda untuk mengamankan east indies dari segala macam pemberontakan hingga invasi

Tapi perlakuan yg dilakukan dalam kompi knil sanggat berbeda terhadap kaum inlanders(pribumi) seperti yg kita ketahui rata2 orang inlanders tidak akan dapat pangkat terlalu tinggi melebihi orang belanda yah pangkat tertinggi pada waktu itu adalah kolonel untuk para warga inlanders/pribumi east indies

Jika dalam pelatihan inlanders juga diperlalukan sama dengan orang belanda
Kecuali tempat istirahat mereka saja yg dipisahkan

PADA PERANG DUNIA 1
Pada perang dunia 1 kerajaan belanda bersiap dan antisipasi jika jerman menginvasi belanda dan daerah kolonial yg tercinta yaitu east indies 
Maka dipersiapkan lah knil sebagai ujung tombak jika jerman menginvasi east indies

Photo by:dutch reenactmen

#kriegs #soldaat #eastindies #zweiterweltkrieg #ww2 #wwii #history #worldhistory #weapons #knil #dutcheastindies
  • Seperti apakah pelatihan knil
    Inlanders dan juga walanda??
    Jika dalam tahun 1920-1930s dimana sebelum ww2 meletus
    Knil sengaja dibentuk oleh pemerintahan pusat belanda untuk mengamankan east indies dari segala macam pemberontakan hingga invasi

    Tapi perlakuan yg dilakukan dalam kompi knil sanggat berbeda terhadap kaum inlanders(pribumi) seperti yg kita ketahui rata2 orang inlanders tidak akan dapat pangkat terlalu tinggi melebihi orang belanda yah pangkat tertinggi pada waktu itu adalah kolonel untuk para warga inlanders/pribumi east indies

    Jika dalam pelatihan inlanders juga diperlalukan sama dengan orang belanda
    Kecuali tempat istirahat mereka saja yg dipisahkan

    PADA PERANG DUNIA 1
    Pada perang dunia 1 kerajaan belanda bersiap dan antisipasi jika jerman menginvasi belanda dan daerah kolonial yg tercinta yaitu east indies
    Maka dipersiapkan lah knil sebagai ujung tombak jika jerman menginvasi east indies

    Photo by:dutch reenactmen

    #kriegs #soldaat #eastindies #zweiterweltkrieg #ww2 #wwii #history #worldhistory #weapons #knil #dutcheastindies

  •  47  0  24 October, 2019
  •  0  2  23 October, 2019
  • #Kathmandu #Climbers are sadly out of the Champions League after losing a close Match to #EastIndies #Snakes.
#Punjab Lions are sitting pretty at the top of the Table but Snakes have a better chance of progressing to the next Round as they will have Home Ground advantage in the final Match. Winner of that Match will qualify for the Asian Quarter Finals and World Champions League where as the losing side will hope to finish 6th, 7th or 8th overall.
  • #Kathmandu #Climbers are sadly out of the Champions League after losing a close Match to #EastIndies #Snakes.
    #Punjab Lions are sitting pretty at the top of the Table but Snakes have a better chance of progressing to the next Round as they will have Home Ground advantage in the final Match. Winner of that Match will qualify for the Asian Quarter Finals and World Champions League where as the losing side will hope to finish 6th, 7th or 8th overall.

  •  18  0  16 October, 2019
  • Cathe réduite des détroits de Malaca, Sincapour et du Gouverneur - Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772)
Paris 1755 .
.

At the risk of jizzing myself as I entered the 'On Paper, Singapore before 1867' exhibition, I held back my cartography-obsessed self as much as I could with a glass standing between me and this beautiful, original map of the Straits of Singapore. You can still see the slight creases at the edges 😍

Singapore was named 'Pulo ou Isle Panjang' (Long Island) here and the geographical landmarks above were likely meant for navigational purposes as the French, being new players, were looking to break the Dutch and British monopoly of the East Indies at the time. .

For a time I had been obsessed with French maps of this period as it gave an informative view not only of the region but of the colonial competition. .

#onpaper1867 #cartography #southeastasia #eastindies #colonialmaps #sincapour #navigationalmaps #antiques #oldmaps  #treasurehunting #frenchmap #bicentennial
  • Cathe réduite des détroits de Malaca, Sincapour et du Gouverneur - Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772)
    Paris 1755 .
    .

    At the risk of jizzing myself as I entered the 'On Paper, Singapore before 1867' exhibition, I held back my cartography-obsessed self as much as I could with a glass standing between me and this beautiful, original map of the Straits of Singapore. You can still see the slight creases at the edges 😍

    Singapore was named 'Pulo ou Isle Panjang' (Long Island) here and the geographical landmarks above were likely meant for navigational purposes as the French, being new players, were looking to break the Dutch and British monopoly of the East Indies at the time. .

    For a time I had been obsessed with French maps of this period as it gave an informative view not only of the region but of the colonial competition. .

    #onpaper1867 #cartography #southeastasia #eastindies #colonialmaps #sincapour #navigationalmaps #antiques #oldmaps #treasurehunting #frenchmap #bicentennial

  •  15  0  15 October, 2019
  • Rp.375.000 / IDR: 375k

East Indies: The 200 Year Struggle between the Portuguese Crown, the Dutch East India Company and the English East India Company for Supremacy in the Eastern Seas

by Ian Burnet
Published by Rosenberg, 2017
224 pages: artpaper: 18x23.5cm

In 1497 Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope, his small Portuguese fleet reached India and they became the first Europeans to sail the Eastern Seas.  Over the next 100 years the Portuguese spread their trading network in search of spices, sandalwood, silks, gold, silver, porcelains and other oriental goods. This trading network extended from Goa in India as far east as the Moluccas and Timor in Indonesia, and as far north as China and Japan.

In 1595 and 1601 respectively, the first Dutch and English trading expeditions rounded the Cape of Good Hope and the trading monopoly of the Portuguese Crown was being challenged by the Dutch East India Company and then the English East India Company, the world’s first joint stock and multinational trading companies.

For the next 200 years the struggle for trade supremacy between the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the English ranged across the Eastern Seas and in the settlements of Goa, Malacca, Ambon, Macao, Canton, Nagasaki, Batavia, Macassar and Johor. Until by the end of the 19th century the Portuguese had almost vanished from the Eastern Seas, and the Dutch and the English East India Companies had been transformed from trading companies into colonial powers ruling vast territories in Indonesia, India and Malaya.

This book follows the trade winds, the trade routes and the port cities across the East Indies and the Orient. Beginning in Malacca which was one of the world’s largest trading ports in the 16th century, it describes the founding of Batavia (Jakarta) in the 17th century and concludes with the founding of Singapore and Hong Kong which became some of the world’s largest trading ports in the 19th century.

#eastindies #dutcheastindies
#nusantara #southeastasia #malayarchipelago #indonesia #asiatenggara #malaya #singapore #singapura #malaysia #kajiannusantara #southeastasiastudies
  • Rp.375.000 / IDR: 375k

    East Indies: The 200 Year Struggle between the Portuguese Crown, the Dutch East India Company and the English East India Company for Supremacy in the Eastern Seas

    by Ian Burnet
    Published by Rosenberg, 2017
    224 pages: artpaper: 18x23.5cm

    In 1497 Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope, his small Portuguese fleet reached India and they became the first Europeans to sail the Eastern Seas. Over the next 100 years the Portuguese spread their trading network in search of spices, sandalwood, silks, gold, silver, porcelains and other oriental goods. This trading network extended from Goa in India as far east as the Moluccas and Timor in Indonesia, and as far north as China and Japan.

    In 1595 and 1601 respectively, the first Dutch and English trading expeditions rounded the Cape of Good Hope and the trading monopoly of the Portuguese Crown was being challenged by the Dutch East India Company and then the English East India Company, the world’s first joint stock and multinational trading companies.

    For the next 200 years the struggle for trade supremacy between the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the English ranged across the Eastern Seas and in the settlements of Goa, Malacca, Ambon, Macao, Canton, Nagasaki, Batavia, Macassar and Johor. Until by the end of the 19th century the Portuguese had almost vanished from the Eastern Seas, and the Dutch and the English East India Companies had been transformed from trading companies into colonial powers ruling vast territories in Indonesia, India and Malaya.

    This book follows the trade winds, the trade routes and the port cities across the East Indies and the Orient. Beginning in Malacca which was one of the world’s largest trading ports in the 16th century, it describes the founding of Batavia (Jakarta) in the 17th century and concludes with the founding of Singapore and Hong Kong which became some of the world’s largest trading ports in the 19th century.

    #eastindies #dutcheastindies
    #nusantara #southeastasia #malayarchipelago #indonesia #asiatenggara #malaya #singapore #singapura #malaysia #kajiannusantara #southeastasiastudies

  •  14  2  12 October, 2019

Top #eastindies Posts

  • В этот раз мы успели только в два музея в Амстердаме.
1. Музей судоходства. Детям 5+ лет там будет очень интересно. Лукасу тоже нашлось, что посмотреть - выставка "История о ките"(информация о китах и эволюции китобойного промысла), "Жизнь на борту" (хотя она все-таки не рассчитана на такой юный возраст), многочисленные модели кораблей. А ещё там есть реплика парусного торгового судна "Амстердам" Голландской Ост-Индской компании(фото 1). Оригинал затонул в проливе Ла-Манш 26 января 1749 года во время своего первого  рейса, который должен был пройти по маршруту из Текселя в Джакарту. На борту корабля можно примерить на себя жизнь матроса, научиться стрелять из пушки и заглянуть в каюту капитана. А меня до глубины души поразила информация об отсутствии туалетной бумаги на борту таких кораблей. Моряки использовали один и тот же канат с узлом на конце(фото 2), а потом бросали его обратно в море 😱 Это вам не влажная туалетная бумага с экстрактом алоэ 😂 
2. NEMO Science Museum - вот это просто чистый восторг! И для детей и для взрослых. Несколько этажей экспонатов и интерактивных опытных станций, которые не только можно, но и нужно трогать! Сам музей похож на огромный корабль, когда-то он был медный, но за много лет патина окрасила его в зелёный(фото 4). По сути весь музей раскрывает тему того, как устроен наш мир. Природные явления, законы физики, любопытные феномены - все это воспроизводится непосредственно с участием посетителей. Вот именно оттуда у меня практически нет фото потому что руки были все время заняты 😂А кофемашину 1900-1915годов видите(фото 10)? Она вакуумная. Вода из одного сосуда, нагреваясь, поднимается вверх и перетекает в другой. Сейчас такие штуки для кофе и чая снова стали очень модными ☕️ А мне она просто кажется очень красивой 😂😂😂#амстердам #инстаблог #музейсудоходства #NEMOsciencemuseum #музейNEMO #MaritimeMuseum #путешествиясдетьми #ship #корабль  #travel_with_myers
  • В этот раз мы успели только в два музея в Амстердаме.
    1. Музей судоходства. Детям 5+ лет там будет очень интересно. Лукасу тоже нашлось, что посмотреть - выставка "История о ките"(информация о китах и эволюции китобойного промысла), "Жизнь на борту" (хотя она все-таки не рассчитана на такой юный возраст), многочисленные модели кораблей. А ещё там есть реплика парусного торгового судна "Амстердам" Голландской Ост-Индской компании(фото 1). Оригинал затонул в проливе Ла-Манш 26 января 1749 года во время своего первого рейса, который должен был пройти по маршруту из Текселя в Джакарту. На борту корабля можно примерить на себя жизнь матроса, научиться стрелять из пушки и заглянуть в каюту капитана. А меня до глубины души поразила информация об отсутствии туалетной бумаги на борту таких кораблей. Моряки использовали один и тот же канат с узлом на конце(фото 2), а потом бросали его обратно в море 😱 Это вам не влажная туалетная бумага с экстрактом алоэ 😂
    2. NEMO Science Museum - вот это просто чистый восторг! И для детей и для взрослых. Несколько этажей экспонатов и интерактивных опытных станций, которые не только можно, но и нужно трогать! Сам музей похож на огромный корабль, когда-то он был медный, но за много лет патина окрасила его в зелёный(фото 4). По сути весь музей раскрывает тему того, как устроен наш мир. Природные явления, законы физики, любопытные феномены - все это воспроизводится непосредственно с участием посетителей. Вот именно оттуда у меня практически нет фото потому что руки были все время заняты 😂А кофемашину 1900-1915годов видите(фото 10)? Она вакуумная. Вода из одного сосуда, нагреваясь, поднимается вверх и перетекает в другой. Сейчас такие штуки для кофе и чая снова стали очень модными ☕️ А мне она просто кажется очень красивой 😂😂😂 #амстердам #инстаблог #музейсудоходства #NEMOsciencemuseum #музейNEMO #MaritimeMuseum #путешествиясдетьми #ship #корабль #travel_with_myers

  •  216  11  12 hours ago
  • So here’s an oddball out of the vault. Dutch Mannlicher 1895 Carbine sent to the Netherlands East Indies Army. It’s easy to look at these and shrug them off as a poor sporterization when in reality these were hard use salvage rifles. There were no standardized characteristics for these rifles but some key things to look for are the distinct sling swivels behind the front barrel band and on the butt of the stock that are a flattened oval shape. This one has a Kar88 bolt fitted as a replacement to the original. They can be found in 8x50, 8x56, and .303 on many occasions
#guns #firearms #shotting #ww1 #worldwar2 #worldwar1 #ww2 #dutch #eastindies #gunporn #military #milsurp
  • So here’s an oddball out of the vault. Dutch Mannlicher 1895 Carbine sent to the Netherlands East Indies Army. It’s easy to look at these and shrug them off as a poor sporterization when in reality these were hard use salvage rifles. There were no standardized characteristics for these rifles but some key things to look for are the distinct sling swivels behind the front barrel band and on the butt of the stock that are a flattened oval shape. This one has a Kar88 bolt fitted as a replacement to the original. They can be found in 8x50, 8x56, and .303 on many occasions
    #guns #firearms #shotting #ww1 #worldwar2 #worldwar1 #ww2 #dutch #eastindies #gunporn #military #milsurp

  •  146  14  8 May, 2019